Health & Fitness

Melanoma: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment



Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that develops in melanocytes. Melanocytes are a type of pigment available in the skin cells. As it attacks the skin cells, it is easy to recognize and get proper treatment before it becomes dangerous.

Melanoma is more dangerous than other types of skin cancers because it has an intention to spread to other parts of the body. So, it is necessary to stop it from spreading out. For this, you need to recognize it. Some symptoms help you to recognize this disease as early as possible. Let’s know about those symptoms.

Symptoms of Melanoma

When melanoma attacks your skin, you may see some new spots on your skin. Besides spots, there might be the rise of some new moles. The moles are somehow different from normal or common moles which are already in your body.

The spots that show up after melanoma attack have uneven border instead of a smooth border. Besides the moles varies in color and size. Most of the moles will be larger than others. And the thing that is most dangerous is the moles will randomly change the shape, size, color and texture.

Besides of moles, melanoma attack also creates some sores that don’t heal easily. Itchiness, pain or tenderness of the moles and sores are common in case of melanoma. As melanoma can attack your eyes too, you may find dark spots in the iris or lose sight partially.

However, these are the common symptoms of melanoma. Whenever you face these problems, don’t forget to consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Moles can arise for some different reasons also. But, to keep yourself safe, you need to consult a doctor whenever you see some rapid change in your skin because you don’t know the reason yet. If you ignore, the small change might turn into a great change.

Causes of Melanoma

If you know the reasons behind melanoma, you’ll be able to protect yourself from those. That’s why I am showing you the basic causes of melanoma that affect the melanocytes of the cells.

a) Ultraviolet Ray: Ultraviolet ray is the main cause of most skin cancers. If your skin is open to the sun rays for a long time, it affects your skin cells. There are two types of ultraviolet rays- UV-A rays and UV-B rays. UV-B rays are stronger than UV-A. It attacks the DNA and damages it. The damage sometimes affects the genes that control the growth of the skin. Thus melanocytes also become affected and cause melanoma.

You don’t get in touch with ultraviolet rays only when you expose the skin to the sun. Ultraviolet rays are used in tanning beds. So, if you use tanning beds, the same can happen.

b) Gene: Some researchers have shown that melanoma is sometimes inherited. But the number is very low. So, you don’t need to be tensed if your parent has melanoma.

But if you want to be sure, you can consult a doctor to ensure if melanoma is present in your skin or not.


Depending on various stages, melanoma treatment varies. Immunotherapy, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and some other types of treatments are generally used to treat this. The higher the stage, the strong treatment you need to get.

You can get the treatment from reputed and well-known medical centers. TIL Melanoma treatment at the Sheba Medical Center will help you to cure melanoma.


Melanoma is a type of cancer which is dangerous, just like most other types of cancer. So, you need to stay away from it. Consult a doctor as soon as you see any symptom in your skin. As prevention is better than cure, you should think of taking some steps so that it can’t attack you.

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